Axtell One Name Study
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Family of Henry John MOULE and Agnes May AXTELL

Husband: Henry John MOULE (1869-1927)
Wife: Agnes May AXTELL (1875-1939)
Children: Manley Axtell MOULE (1894- )
Marriage 28 Jun 1892 Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA 1
<Custom Event> 2 Jul 1892 Elyria, Lorain County, Ohio, USA 1

Husband: Henry John MOULE

Name: Henry John MOULE 2
Sex: Male
Father: -
Mother: -
Birth 22 Oct 1869 Lakewood, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA 1
Death 1927 (age 57-58) 1

Wife: Agnes May AXTELL

Name: Agnes May AXTELL 2
Sex: Female
Father: Manley Washington AXTELL (1831-1893)
Mother: Catherine WHITING ( - )
Birth 1875 Amherst, Lorain County, Ohio, USA 1
Death 1939 (age 63-64) Palo Alto, Santa Clara County, California, USA 1

Child 1: Manley Axtell MOULE

Name: Manley Axtell MOULE 2
Sex: Male
Birth 1894 USA

Note on Husband: Henry John MOULE

of Cleveland, O.

Note on Wife: Agnes May AXTELL

53. (Diary) Axtell, Agnes May (1875-1939) [Manuscript Diary 1891]


Small octavo, 225 pages of mss entries, plus blanks, half leather, with cloth, title page has “Excelsior Diary for 1891,” spine tips worn, corners of boards worn, some small tears at outside hinges near tips. Entries inscribed mainly in pencil, ingood legible condition.


Manuscript diary kept by Agnes May Axtell, a fifteen year old girl from Amherst, Lorain County, Ohio. Much of the diary is taken up with her courtship with Harry John Moule, a twenty-two year old native of Lakewood, Ohio, who works as a newspaper reporter in Cleveland. Agnes May Axtell, our diarist, [ca. 21 Aug 1875-1939], was born in Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, and died in Palo Alto, California. She was the daughter of Manley Washington Axtell and Catherine Whiton, of North Amherst, Ohio. Her father Manley was a railroad contractor who descended from an original Puritan family of Massachusetts, one of whose descendants died in King Philip’s War. Mr. Axtell worked his way up to Chief Forman on the Illinois Central Railroad, eventuallyleaving there and securing a contract to build the Iron Mountain Railroad, and after that had contracts for building the North Missouri, the St. Louis & St. Joseph, and the St. Joseph & Denver Railroad Companies, as well as others. He was the contractor for the stone for the bridge over the Missouri River at St. Josephs. He made a handsome competence and retired to Amherst, Ohio, in 1874, at about the time when his daughter Agnes was born.


Agnes May Axtell married Harry John Moule [ca. 22 Oct 1869-1927], of Cleveland, Ohio, on the 28th of June 1892, about six months after the present diary ends. They were married at the Congregational Church of Elyria. In their wedding announcementof 2nd July 1892, in the Lorain County Reporter (Elyria, Lorain Co., Ohio), Agnes is described as “one of the most highly respected young ladies,” and Harry as “a very promising young man."


Harry Moule started out in the newspaper business, then by 1896 went to law school and became a lawyer. The couple had two sons and eventually settled in Palo Alto, California circa 1920. The Moule family did well in life. They seem to have been prominent enough to have been talked about in the society pages of the suburban Cleveland newspapers of the 1890’s and early 1900’s. They also seem to have acquired enough wealth to set up the “Agnes Axtell Moule Faculty Scholarship” at Stanford University and an “Agnes Axtell Moule Medical Foundation” that has supported Medical Research at Stanford University.


Agnes’diary provides a fascinating look at a 15 year-old girl’s private thoughts about her future, her future husband, and the surprising freedom that she has in going about courting with a gentleman who is at least 5 years her senior. Agnes has the freedom to go into Cleveland from her suburban home unescorted at a time when young girls typically did not have such freedom. She also is shown to be a fairly mature 15 year-old, as her thoughts are clear and intelligent for her age. Her diary entries provide a real glimpse into her interior life at a period of considerable transition in her life. She treats the diary as her confidante. Agnes also paints and reads the classics, while attending the Harcourt Place Seminary in Gambier, Ohio.Overall, a very interesting look at a middle class young woman’s diary of late 19th Century Ohio. $ 450.001


1"Internet". http://www.mbamerica na.com/Catalog%2037%2051-60.htm.
2Daniel Gibson Axtell, "Axb45.ged" (File from www.axtellfamily.org).