Axtell One Name Study
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Edward RIGGS's other family: with Elizabeth ( -1669)

Family of Edward RIGGS and Elizabeth HOLMES

Husband: Edward RIGGS (1590?- )
Wife: Elizabeth HOLMES (1592?-1635)
Children: Edward RIGGS (1614?-1668)
Lydia RIGGS (1616?-1633)
John RIGGS (1618?-1634)
Elizabeth RIGGS (1620?-1634)
? RIGGS (1622?- )
Mary RIGGS (1625?- )
Marriage 1613 (app) 1

Husband: Edward RIGGS

Name: Edward RIGGS 2
Sex: Male
Father: -
Mother: -
Birth 1590 (app) Lincolnshire or Yorkshire, England, UK 1
Death "1670-1672" Roxbury, (Boston), Massachusetts, USA 1

Wife: Elizabeth HOLMES

Name: Elizabeth HOLMES 2
Sex: Female
Father: -
Mother: -
Birth 1592 (app) England, UK 1
Death Aug 1635 (age 42-43) Roxbury, (Boston), Massachusetts, USA 1

Child 1: Edward RIGGS

Name: Edward RIGGS 2
Sex: Male
Spouse: Elizabeth ROOSA (1615?-1664)
Birth 1614 (app) Lincolnshire or Yorkshire, England, UK 1
Death 1668 (age 53-54) Roxbury, (Boston), Massachusetts, USA 1
Occupation Sergeant, Pequot War
Title Sergeant

Child 2: Lydia RIGGS

Name: Lydia RIGGS 2
Sex: Female
Birth 1616 (app) Lincolnshire or Yorkshire, England, UK 1
Death Aug 1633 (age 16-17) Roxbury, (Boston), Massachusetts, USA 1

Child 3: John RIGGS

Name: John RIGGS 2
Sex: Male
Birth 1618 (app) Lincolnshire or Yorkshire, England, UK 1
Death Oct 1634 (age 15-16) Roxbury, (Boston), Massachusetts, USA 1

Child 4: Elizabeth RIGGS

Name: Elizabeth RIGGS 2
Sex: Female
Birth 1620 (app) Lincolnshire or Yorkshire, England, UK 1
Death May 1634 (age 13-14) Roxbury, (Boston), Massachusetts, USA 1

Child 5: ? RIGGS

Name: ? RIGGS 2
Sex: Female
Spouse: ? ALLEN ( - )
Birth 1622 (app) 1

Child 6: Mary RIGGS

Name: Mary RIGGS 2
Sex: Female
Spouse: ? TWITCHELL ( - )
Birth 1625 (app) 1

Note on Husband: Edward RIGGS


"Genealogy of the Riggs Family" by John H. Wallace pub. 1901


"Edward Riggs, the head of the family in this country was born about

1590, in England, and probably in Lincolnshire or Yorkshire, for it is

understood the name is still to be found in that region. There have been

many wild stories told about the origin of the family in this country -

"the three brothers that came from Wales, " etc, that we will not pretend

to controvert, except by simply suggesting what is known historically. He

landed in Boston, early in the summer of 1633 with his family, consisting

of his wife Elizabeth, two sons and four daughters. These children must

have been young people, pretty well grown, for the oldest son was married

two years after arrival. They were among the very early settlers in

Roxbury, then a suburb of Boston. It is said that the best people settled

in Roxbury. Like all immigrants, they had their full share of trials and

sorrows. The first death recorded in the old books of Roxbury was that of

Lydia Riggs, daughter of Edward, in August 1633. In May, 1634, another

daughter Eizabeth, died, and in October of the same year the son John.

August, 1635, the wife and mother, Elizabeth, died. Sometime after this

Edward took a second wife, but there were no children from this union.

She was also named Elizabeth, and all we know of her history is that she

died in 1669. It is wholly evident that Edward was a Puritan in belief

and life, for in 1634 he was made a freeman, which means a voter, and the

first step to that privilege was to be a member of the church. On a loose

leaf found in the ancient transcript there is an enumeration of the

inhabitants of Roxbury, made somewhere between the years of 1638 and

1640, in which Edward's family consisted of four persons, and it is not

violent to assume that they were himself, his wife and two daughters, who

afterward became Mrs. Allen and Mrs. Twitchell. From his will dated

September 2, 1670, it appears that only three lines of descent survived

him, and that all his children were dead except Mary Twitchell. His

daughter, Mrs. Allen, left a daughter, Elizabeth Allen, then of age and a

legatee. Of the children of Mrs. Twitchell, only Joseph and Mary are

named. and they, as well as others not named, appear to have been minors.

Mrs. Twitchell was the principal legatee. His first bequest is "that my

daughter-in-law, my sonne Edward Rigges, his wife" and "to my four

grandchildren, my sonne Edward Rigges' children." It will be noticed that

none of these is named and as I could find only three children of the

second Edward for a long time, there was some doubt as to whether Edward

of Derby, Conn., and Newark, NJ., was the son of the testator. At last I

found the fourth child, Samuel of Derby. The will furnishes reasonable

evidence that the testator had personal knowledge of and affection for

his daughter-in-law, and that she and her children then lived some

distance remote from Roxbury. It is also evident that he knew the widow

and children of his "sonne, Edward" were not in needy circumstances, or

he would have not assumed the possibility of their not claiming the

legacies he left to them. As a quiet , Christian man, his long life came

to a close in 1672, leaving a good name as the inheiritance of the

thousands descended from him."


"Our Pioneer Ancestors" by Henry Earle Riggs, pub 1942 (Addtional

information, or information different than that of John Henry Wallce):


"From Woods "New England Prophet" published in 1634 is taken the

following description of Roxbury:

"A mile from Dorchester lieth Roxbury which is a fayre and handsome

country towne, the inhabitants of it being all very rich. This towne

lieth upon the Maine so that it is well wooded and watered having a clear

and fresh brook running through ye towne, up which, although there come

no alewives, yet there is a great store of smelts, and therefore it is

called Smelt Brooke. A quarter of a mile to the North of ye towne is

another river called Stony River, upon which is built a water milne. Here

is good ground for corns and meadow for cattel. Up westward from ye towne

it is something rocky, whence it hath ye name Roxbury. The inhabitants

hve fayre houses, store of cattel, impaled cornefields and fruitful

gardens. Here it is no harbor for ships because ye towne is seated in ye

bottom of a shallow bay which is made by ye necke of land on which Boston

is built, so that they can transport all their goods from ye ship in

boats from Boston which is ye nearest harbor."


Seventeen years later Edward Johnson tells us that Roxbury was "filled

with a very laborious people whose labors, the Lord had blessed, that in

room of dismall swamps and tearing bushes they have goodley fruit trees,

fruitful fields and gardens, their head of cows, oxen, and young cattel

of that kind about 350, and dwelling houses neere upon 120. Their streets

are large and some fayre houses, yet they have built their houses for

church assembly destitute and unbeautiful with other buildings."


According to the record of houses and lands in Roxbury there were, in

1654, between seventy and eighty homesteads and the owners of land

numbered ninety. The population numbered 700. The Roxbury Pioneers many

of them came from Nazing, a rural village of Essex County, England. Some

of the Roxbury men were from London, and a few from the west of England.

They were people of substance, many of them farmers skilled also in some

useful handicraft, not one it is said being of the poorer sort. They

struck root immediately and were enterprising, industrious and frugal. A

note of "Ye Estates and Personnes of Roxbury in 1639" the earliest list

of its inhabitants extent shows that Edward Riggs owned 40 acres of land.

The famous John Eliot was pastor of the Roxbury Church for many years

during the lifetime of Edward Riggs. (Riggs goes on to quote Wallace. . .

) then . . . We do not have the date of his death. His will was executed

September 2, 1670 and probated in 1672 so it is evident that he died in

the latter year at the age of 81 or 82. He outlived his son Edward about

four years. He was evidently a farmer. He took no prominent place as an

office holder in the Colony, but was evidently a quiet Christian man a a

good citizen.


2"Gedcom - Descendants of Edward Ball" (http://www.altlaw.com/edball/).