Axtell One Name Study
See also

Family of Edward RIGGS and Elizabeth ROOSA

Husband: Edward RIGGS (1614?-1668)
Wife: Elizabeth ROOSA (1615?-1664)
Children: Edward RIGGS (1636?-1715)
Samuel RIGGS (1640?-1738)
Joseph RIGGS (1642?-bef1689)
Mary RIGGS (1644?- )

Husband: Edward RIGGS

Name: Edward RIGGS 1
Sex: Male
Father: Edward RIGGS (1590?- )
Mother: Elizabeth HOLMES (1592?-1635)
Birth 1614 (app) Lincolnshire or Yorkshire, England, UK 2
Death 1668 (age 53-54) Roxbury, (Boston), Massachusetts, USA 2
Occupation Sergeant, Pequot War
Title Sergeant

Wife: Elizabeth ROOSA

Name: Elizabeth ROOSA 1
Sex: Female
Father: -
Mother: -
Birth 1615 (app) 2
Death 2 Sep 1664 (age 48-49) Derby, New Haven Co., Connecticut, USA 2

Child 1: Edward RIGGS

Name: Edward RIGGS 1
Sex: Male
Spouse: Mary MUNN (1639?-1688?)
Birth 1636 (app) Roxbury, (Boston), Massachusetts, USA 2
Death Mar 1714/15 (age 78-79) Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, USA 3

Child 2: Samuel RIGGS

Name: Samuel RIGGS 1
Sex: Male
Spouse 1: Sarah BALDWIN (1649?- )
Spouse 2: Sarah ( - )
Birth 1640 (app) Milford, New Haven Co., Connecticut, USA 2
Death 1738 (age 97-98) Derby, Connecticut, USA 2

Child 3: Joseph RIGGS

Name: Joseph RIGGS 1
Sex: Male
Spouse: Hannah BROWN (1642-aft1689)
Birth 1642 (app) Milford, Connecticut, USA 2
Death bef 27 Nov 1689 (age 46-47) Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, USA 2

Child 4: Mary RIGGS

Name: Mary RIGGS 1
Sex: Female
Spouse: George DAY (1640?- )
Birth 1644 (app) Roxbury, (Boston), Massachusetts, USA 2

Note on Husband: Edward RIGGS


"The Riggs Family Genealogy" by John H. Wallace pub 1901 -


"Edward Riggs {son of Edward(1) the immigrant} was born in England about

1614, and came to this country along with his father and family; landing

in Boston, MAss., in the early summer of 1633. He assisted his father in

preparing a new habitation and in taking care of the sick until April 5,

1635, when he married Elizabeth Roosa, quite a young girl; a daughter of

a family of that name who had come over from England and settled in

Boston. In August, of the same year, his mother died, and how long he

remained in assisting his father is not known, but it is known that he

soon set about establishing a home of his own. In 1637, he was a sergeant

in the Pequot War; and he reatly distinguised himself by rescuing a body

of his companions from an ambuscade into which they had been led by the

Indians, and in which they all would have been cut off. By this notable

act of bravery and skill the name of "Sergeant Riggs" became his

well-known designation as long as he lived. Nothing is now known of his

location between 1635 and 1640, but in the latter year he became a

settler at Milford, Conn., and had land assigned him. In 1655, associated

with Edward Wooster, Richard Baldwin, John Browne, Robert Dennison, John

Burnett and perhaps others, they bought from the Indians the district of

country on the Naugatuck, then known as Paugusset, some ten or twelve

miles over Milford, and established a plantation which was afterward

called Derby. The location of Sergeant Riggs is still known as "Riggs

Hill." On this hill, which remained in the possession of his descendants

until 1880-1881, he placed his habitation and built a strong stockade as

a protection against Indians. The first house stood by the rock, a few

rods from where the present residence stands, and in this house Sergeant

Edward secreted and protected Whaley and Goff, tow of the English

Parliament that condemned and executed Charles I., while the emissaries

of Charles II were making most diligent search for them all along the

Connecticut coast, in 1661. While Edward was not a member of the church

and consequently not a voter, this brave act in the face of vengeance of

the re-established English throne, establishes beyond question two points

in his character, vis, that he was governed by his convictions in

considering human rights, and that his sympathies were wholly with the

Puritans in their struggle for liberty with the mother country. In such

character it is not difficult to understand that he should mentally rebel

against laws which exluded from the exercise of the rights of citizenship

unless he was first a member of the church. Here we find a possible

motive for his change of location in the advanced years of his life.


The Province of New Jersey was named as a grant from the Crown, 1664, and

it was believed to be a region specially attractive to settlers. In 1665

Edward, with some of his associates in the plantation of Derby, visited

it, and were so well pleased with the prospects that they determined to

found a new plantation on the Passaic that would be accessible to the

outer world by the sailing craft of that day, and the site of Newark was

also decided upon. The next year he spent most of the summer there

preparing for the advent of the proposed colony, and his wife was with

him, the first white woman to spend a summer in Newark. The fundamental

agreement was executed June 24, 1667. The colony was quite large, and in

it were a number of old associates in the plantation at Derby. His two

sons, Edward and Joseph, were designated as "Planters", that is orginal

proprietors. The former did not arrive until later in the year, and the

latter had no home lot assigned to him, because he was still a bachelor.

The other son, Samuel was provided for at Derby and remained there. In

1668, the next year after the colony was fully organized, Edward (Kim:

This next line is disputed by Henry Earl Riggs in his book): His widow,

Elizabeth, still a healthy and well preserved woman, sometime previous to

1671 married Calbe Carwithie. Previous to her marriage she conveyed to

her son Joseph one half of her home lot. (Kim: there is another

contradiction in Wallace's same book in the sketch of Edward's son

Joseph) . . . "Edward seems to have expected that his wife would marry

again, and in this he was right, for she married Aaron Thompson"


"Our Pioneer Ancestors" by Henry Earle Riggs, pub 1942


"The foregoing data is abstracted from Orcutt's "History of Derby, Conn."

The volume is filled with reference to the descendants of Samuel Riggs,

the son who remained in Derby. The family was prominent there for more

than 200 years after Edward turned the farm over to his son Samuel in

1666. "The farm on Riggs Hill near Derby, Connecticut, is said to be a

beautiful location and to be fine land. One of the writer's close

professional friends and former associates in engineering work on the

Burlington Railroad, the late John M. McKenzie, lived near there, visited

the farm, and sent several photographs of it. The present large residence

was built about fifty feet from the site of the original house built by

Edward Riggs which was destroyed sometime shortly after 1800. " From the

records of the town of Newark, NJ, which are intact something may be

gleaned of the character of people these early ancestors or ours were.

There is hardly a page of this record that is not of interest and the

name of Riggs occurs with great frequency from the very first page down

to and during the days of the Revolution, as one of the family, not

directly, however in our line, Mr. Joseph Riggs was Moderator (Mayor)

during the period of the Revolution. Edward Riggs passed away in 1668 at

the age of about 54 years, and on January 25, 1669 we find a reference to

Elizabeth Riggs, Widow of Sargeant Edward Riggs. The will of Edward

Riggs, first generation, made in 1670 refers to "the widow of my sonne

Edward." Mr. Wallace in the the Riggs Genealogy says: "His widow,

Elizabeth, still a healthy and well preserved woman, sometime previous to

1671 married Caleb Carwithie . . . (see above). The writer questions the

accuracy of this statement as the Records of the Town of Newark mention

"Widow Riggs" on Feb. 6, 1677.


1"Gedcom - Descendants of Edward Ball" (http://www.altlaw.com/edball/).