Axtell One Name Study
See also
Harold AXTELL's father: AXTELL ( - )

Family of Harold A AXTELL and Irene M KITCHEN

Husband: Harold A AXTELL ( - )
Wife: Irene M KITCHEN ( - )
Children: Richard H AXTELL
Malcolm John AXTELL
Christine A AXTELL
Marriage Q4 1945 Ploughley, Oxfordshire, England, UK 1

Husband: Harold A AXTELL

Name: Harold A AXTELL 2
Sex: Male
Father: AXTELL ( - )
Mother: -

Wife: Irene M KITCHEN

Name: Irene M KITCHEN 2
Sex: Female
Father: -
Mother: -

Child 1: Richard H AXTELL

Name: Richard H AXTELL 2
Sex: Male

Child 2: Malcolm John AXTELL

Name: Malcolm John AXTELL 3
Sex: Male
Spouse 1: Joy MCCALL
Spouse 2: Susan A EASTO

Child 3: Dennis R AXTELL

Name: Dennis R AXTELL 2
Sex: Male

Child 4: Barry M AXTELL

Name: Barry M AXTELL 2
Sex: Male
Spouse: GOOCH

Child 5: Christine A AXTELL

Name: Christine A AXTELL 2
Sex: Female
Spouse: LAMB

Child 6: Diana M AXTELL

Name: Diana M AXTELL 2
Sex: Female

Note on Husband: Harold A AXTELL (1)

Father of Malcolm Axtell FCIOB, Chairman of Symm Group. [Jon Axtell]

Note on Husband: Harold A AXTELL (2) - shared note

Symm Group (Joshua Symm, Thomas Axtell and great grandson Malcolm Axtell)


The story of Symm, part three


As we have seen in previous instalments, by the middle of the

nineteenth century the business was prospering under the

leadership of Joshua Symm. Having developed an enduring

relationship with Exeter College, this led to other commissions such

as Meadow Buildings, for Christ Church College. Designed by

architect T. N. Deane, one half of the architectural partnership

which created the Oxford Museum, the building is in the Venetian

Gothic style beloved of John Ruskin, the most influential

architectural critic of the day. Like the Museum itself, it came in for

a mixed critical appraisal (Ruskin himself was rarely satisfied with

the realisation of his ideas by his devotees.) but now stands as

another interesting document in the history of architectural taste.


The building was commissioned by the

head of the College, Dean Liddell. A friend

of the Revd. Charles Dodgson (Lewis

Carroll), he was the father of Alice Liddell,

the inspiration of Alice in Wonderland.

Liddell was an energetic client, and he also

commissioned Sir Gilbert Scott

to restore Christ Church Cathedral

in the 1870s. The cost,

£24,000, made it a major

project, which involved new

windows, a large, new main

entrance, and the rebuilding of

both the seventeenth century

south porch and the east end of

the building. A new black and

white marble floor was laid, and

the stonework was stripped of

whitewash and restored. Symm,

who had already worked with

Scott on Exeter College, provided

the joiners who made the stalls

and seating for the nave and choir

(pictured) in intricately carved


In yet another literary

reference, it is reported by Law

(see below) that this project was

mirrored in the Thomas Hardy

novel Jude the Obscure, which

describes the restoration of the

fictional Cardinal College,

Christminster. The hero of the

novel takes up employment in a

stoneyard believed to be modelled

on Symm's, and muses that as

the masons worked to recreate

"the broken lines of the original

idea...here in the stoneyard was a centre of

effort as worthy as that dignified by the name of

scholarly study within the noblest of colleges."

Symm also won the competitive tender for the

construction of the Clarendon Laboratory, a

university-level project to construction one of

the first purpose-built physics laboratories

in Europe. Again a project of the 1870s,

the building is now more remarkable for

its place in the history of academic

development than its contribution to the

science itself. In the 1870s, still wedded to

the fashion of the Gothic Revival,

the finished building looked more

like a religious building than a

modern laboratory, and was

quickly outmoded. However, it

must be remembered that the

universities of the early nineteenth

century were still institutions

primarily regarded as colleges for

Anglican clergymen, and that the

growth of the sciences in these

bastions of tradition was slow.

The surge of activity at

Symm in the 1870's reflects

Joshua Symm's appointment of

three junior partners, including

one Thomas Axtell, a gifted

stonemason, who would lead the

company into the next phase of its


Symm, who are now regularly

called into refurbish the buildings

created in their early years, can be

contacted on 01865 254900.

For further information, see

Building Oxford's Heritage: Symm

and Company from 1815, by

Brian R. Law. Thanks to Design

Fusion for providing the



From http://www.cbcscheme.org.uk/cbcscheme/resources/pdfs/updateDec.pdf




History of Symm


Symm Group has had a continuous presence in Oxford since the reign of King George III. It employs the real characters behind some of the city’s glorious buildings - indeed the current Chairman, Malcolm Axtell (pictured above), is the great grandson of the talented mason, Thomas Axtell. Thomas was a partner of the Victorian master builder, Joshua Symm; their building and decorating history stretches back 200 years.


The first fully documented project was the building of a classical church, completed in 1815 - it’s still in use today! In the mid 1800s, Symm embarked on a six-year extensive new build programme at Exeter College. Conceived by renowned architect, Sir Gilbert Scott, the buildings included the Rector’s Lodgings, Library and striking gothic chapel, modelled on Ste. Chapelle in Paris.


The Symm archives make interesting reading and to ensure that the information was not lost for ever, Malcolm Axtell embarked on chronicling the fascinating history of the past two centuries in an illustrated book: BUILDING OXFORD’S HERITAGE. Copies available on request.


From http://www.symm.co.uk/hist.htm




DANIEL EVANS (1769-1846) and JOSHUA SYMM (1809-1887), Oxford builders, at 34 St Giles’, Oxford


Daniel Evans was born c.1769 probably in Fairford, Gloucestershire. He began as a bricklayer working from London; his first Oxford venture was the Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, New Inn Hall Street, in 1817. He was the first building contractor in Oxford and his first college contract came with the building of Magdalen Hall, now Hertford College, completed in 1822. Until his death in 1846 he lived at 34 St Giles’, part of a terrace of three houses he had designed and built in 1829.


Joshua Symm was born in Allendale, Northumberland in 1808. He joined Evans as a stonemason in the 1830s and married his only daughter Elizabeth. After the death of Evans he took over the firm’s business, constructing a good proportion of all new nineteenth century college buildings such as Exeter College Chapel to the design of Gilbert Scott, the Meadow Buildings at Christ Church, the Clarendon Laboratory (T.N.Deane) and city buildings e.g. the main Post Office (E.G.Rivers). The firm’s craftsmen in wood and stone also worked on the Bodleian Library, the Sheldonian, the Cathedral, Tom Tower and many other buildings of both town and gown.


Symm & Co. continues today and still plays a major part in maintaining the fabric of Oxford. Malcolm Axtell, the Managing Director, is descended from Thomas Axtell, the foreman mason who became a partner of Joshua Symm in 1874. 34 St Giles’ remained the administrative headquarters until 1969 when they transferred to Osney Mead.


Source: Brian R.Law: Building Oxford’s Heritage, Symm & Co. from 1815


The plaque was unveiled on 19 October 2004 by the architectural historian, Sir Howard Colvin.


From http://www.halarose.co.uk/blue/p_DANIEL_EVANS.html




Building tradition marked with Blue Plaque





19 October 2004


The work of Daniel Evans, the first general building contractor in Oxford, whose firm constructed many of today’s Oxford landmarks – from the city’s main Post Office to Exeter College Chapel – has been celebrated with the erection of county’s 22nd Blue Plaque. Also commemorated is his son-in-law, and later business partner, Joshua Symm.


The Plaque is on 34, St Giles, which today houses the University’s Humanities and Social Sciences Divisional Offices, but which was designed and built by Evans as his home. Until 1969, it was the base for Symm and Company – as the firm is now known – which still works on many construction and restoration projects across the collegiate University.


The current chairman of the company, Malcolm Axtell, is the great grandson of the mason Thomas Axtell, himself a partner of Joshua Symm more than 150 years ago. He visited the plaque in St Giles, the site where his own career in the family trade began.


From http://www.admin.ox.ac.uk/po/news/2004-05/oct/19a.shtml




Building city treasures

If you look at almost any major restoration project in Oxford, particularly in the University heartland of the city, there is an even chance that the name Symm will be emblazoned across the scaffolding.


What many people may not realise is that the company's origins go back nearly 200 years, and in that time its builders and craftsmen have made a significant contribution to the creation and preservation of Oxford's architectural heritage.


Many of the city's most treasured buildings - notably the Sheldonian Theatre, Bodleian Library, Christ Church Cathedral and Tom Tower - owe their survival to Symm and Co.


The firm's founder, Daniel Evans, was born in 1769, but little is known of his early life. He is believed to have been born in Fairford, Gloucestershire, making his first acquaintance with Oxford as an apprentice upholsterer.


He also seems to have spent time in London, where he apparently worked as a bricklayer, although where and when he learnt his trade is not known.


His conversion to Methodism at the turn of the century resulted in his first major commission - the building of a Wesleyan Chapel in Leicester, to designs by architect and Methodist minister the Rev William Jenkins. Soon afterwards, the Oxford Methodists asked Jenkins to design a similar chapel for their newly-acquired site in New Inn Hall Street, and Evans was the obvious choice to undertake the building.


He completed the new chapel in 1817, at a cost of £2,965 (roughly equivalent to just under £180,000 today), and instantly established a reputation locally for his supreme craftsmanship.


A series of commissions from Magdalen College swiftly followed, starting with the building of the new Magdalen Hall in Catte Street (now Hertford College).


The foundation stone was laid on May 3, 1820, and the building was completed two years later. The twin blocks were designed by William Garbett, surveyor to Winchester Cathedral, and their rather forbidding frontage was denounced by one local as "a barbarous modern building".


Over the next four years, Evans was engaged on extensive building and restoration work on the main Magdalen College site, including renovation of the 15th century chapel, the cloister quadrangle and the dining hall, interior refurbishment and alterations to the library, and the addition of new wings in 1824.


The work on the cloister quadrangle found Evans caught up in a bitter controversy between various senior members of the college, resulting in the unauthorised demolition of the entire north front in August 1822.


Although he was acting on Fellows' instructions, Evans was directly implicated in the College History: "The work . . . hastily pushed on by a builder employed by the College, without full authority, was stopped . . . for some time the College was the battleground of contending architects who poured forth more or less impossible designs for rebuilding, altering or completing this, and other portions of the building."


In the end, it was London architect Joseph Parkinson whose designs were approved for the north and east cloisters, but it was the last contract he was awarded in Oxford. Evans, on the other hand, seems to have emerged from the episode with his reputation intact.


Over the next couple of decades, he continued to work on various projects within the University, including alterations to Merton College Chapel, the building of the Broad Street frontage of Exeter College, and extensive renovations and modifications to Pembroke College buildings.


Other notable projects during this period included the building of Nuneham Courtenay Rectory in 1824, the Radcliffe Asylum in 1833 (now the Warneford Hospital) and Nos 20-22 St John Street, as well as restoration work at St Aldate's Church, Great Tew Church and Great Haseley Church.


In 1829, he completed a row of three terraced houses in St Giles, one of which - No 34 - became his home. He established a builder's yard just beyond his back garden, facing onto Little Clarendon Street, which gave him room to store materials and to stable horses.


The elegant, three-storey, richly-decorated buildings, faced with Bath stone, were deliberately designed to be an eye-catching advertisement for Evans's skills.


In 1840, Evans invited his son-in-law, Joshua Symm, to become his partner, and it was Evans and Symm who completed the substantial modifications to the chapel quad at Pembroke College in 1846. It was Evans's final gift to Oxford. He died in November that year, paving the way for Joshua Symm to take over the running of the company.


For over 20 years, Symm enjoyed a harmonious relationship with the architect Sir Gilbert Scott, and together they undertook a number of significant projects at Exeter College, University College and Christ Church.


One of the pinnacles of their achievement was the new Exeter College Chapel, built between 1856 and 1859, after the old chapel had been condemned as undersized and dangerous.


Scott's design was inspired by the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris, and its most remarkable features are the statues that adorn each of the tall, narrow buttresses, the ornate stone and wood carving, and the distinctive tower that is plainly visible from Broad Street and Ship Street. The interior is quite spectacular, with its soaring, stone-ribbed vault, magnificent stained-glass windows, and the eye-catching tapestry designed by William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones - both undergraduates at Exeter while building was in progress.


Symm's work at Christ Church - which included the building of new student accommodation, as well as restoration of the cathedral - brought him into contact with Dean Liddell, now chiefly remembered as the father of the Liddell girls, who inspired Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland.


By the time Symm died in 1887, at the age of 78, he had passed the reins to a gifted young stonemason, Thomas Axtell, and another trusted associate, Benjamin Hart, who continued to carry out work in and around Oxford to the same exacting standards set by Evans and Symm.


A blue plaque was placed at 34 St Giles in 2004, in lasting recognition of the role Evans and Symm played in helping to shape Oxford's architectural heritage.


But perhaps their most lasting memorial is their company, Symm & Co Ltd, which continues to flourish, ensuring the survival of Oxford's most treasured buildings for future generations.


With thanks to Malcolm J Axtell, great-grandson of Thomas Axtell and current chairman of Symm & Co Ltd, and to Yvonne Macken of Design Fusion for the historic photographs Further reading: Building Oxford's Heritage by Brian R Law (Prelude Promotion, 1998) ISBN 0 9532873 0 0


From http://www.theoxfordtimes.net/lifestyle/arts/display.var.1426173.0.building_city_treasures.php





The Sharp + Howse Management Team, based in Oxford, UK has the depth of experience and skill to handle the most demanding and interesting projects in the UK.



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From http://www.sharpandhowse.com/team.html


1FindMyPast, "Marriage Index". Vol 3a/Page 4237.
2Jonathan Axtell, "Person - Jonathan Axtell".
3Genes Reunited, "Genes Reunited Member". Fiona McCall.